Best Prenatal Vitamins: everything about it

Best Prenatal Vitamins: everything about it

The health of the baby in her womb largely depends on the mother ‘s lifestyle. For this reason, during pregnancy (and in the previous months when looking for a baby) it is essential to pay attention to many things: nutrition, rest, stress and a whole series of useful precautions both for the mother and for the child. An aspect on which it is important to pay attention is that of prenatal vitamins, that is all those substances “ normally necessary in minimal quantities for the needs of the organism, in which they regulate a series of metabolic reactions, often functioning as coenzymes”.

All those substances such as folic acid, iron, etc., which are normally taken during pregnancy for various purposes, are included in the neonatal vitamins. Let’s try to clarify the role of prenatal vitamins, which ones to take during pregnancy. And which contraindications to pay the utmost attention to for the good of the mother and baby.

Prenatal vitamins: what are they?

As we have already anticipated, vitamins are substances useful for the needs of the body, but they are even more so in pregnancy. To understand the reason, a brief introduction is necessary. Nutrients are absorbed by the body through food; food and drink provide the body with the vast majority of what it needs for its functioning and well-being.

For this reason the diet, or the care of what we eat, is always important, not only when you are overweight or expecting a baby.

During pregnancy, women’s needs change, so much so that many of the nutrients consumed through food are directed to the baby via the placenta. This is because the fetus needs those substances to continue the development and growth process correctly.

Therefore, prenatal vitamins are a fundamental resource for fetal development and the maintenance of the mother’s well-being (which must never be forgotten).

Best Prenatal vitamins: which ones to take during pregnancy

Prenatal vitamins are many and very different from each other. And it is important not to confuse them or take them indiscriminately. Let’s go more specifically by identifying the main vitamins and minerals to be taken, when necessary, during pregnancy:

  • Folic acid;
  • Vitamin A;
  • Vitamin D;
  • B6 Vitamin;
  • Vitamin B12;
  • Vitamin K
  • Iron
  • Calcium

Each vitamin plays a valuable role in the health of the body, but it is necessary to distinguish what are the real benefits for pregnant women.

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Best Prenatal vitamins and minerals the benefits

Best Prenatal vitamins

Folic acid

Folic acid is probably among the main prenatal vitamins and is very important for its protective role in preventing both anemia and spina bifida. The doctors’ recommendation is to take folic acid for at least the entire first trimester of pregnancy. And in the case of a planned pregnancy, to start taking folic acid as early as one month before conception, to maximize its benefits.

It is ideal to start supplementation three months before the baby is conceived, as the neural tube forms during the first month of pregnancy. Starting a course of treatment some time before pregnancy thus reduces the risk of a folic acid deficiency in early pregnancy. And therefore to promote the proper development of the baby’s neural tube.

Folic acid is also involved in the formation of red blood cells, so insufficient consumption increases the risk of anemia.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is one of the best prenatal vitamins useful for limiting maternal mortality. Deficiency of this vitamin is often associated with diet. But it is essential to avoid overdose which can lead to the formation of birth defects in the fetus.

Vitamin D

This vitamin is essential for the baby’s skeletal development and is of utmost importance for the absorption of calcium to provide for the baby’s needs. The Italian Society of Gynecology reports that there is “insufficient evidence to evaluate the benefit of administering Vitamin D in pregnancy”, which is why supplementation is only indicated in some cases for women belonging to particular risk categories.

Vitamin B6

This vitamin, known as pyridoxine, is useful for reducing the typical nausea in pregnancy, without experiencing side effects. It is also important for the development of the baby’s central nervous system. There are several studies showing that vitamin B6 may also be associated with a lower risk of miscarriage and may also help improve the odds of conception.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is involved in the “processes of formation of DNA and red blood cells and is necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system” and is essential for the correct use of folic acid and folate. A small amount of vitamin B12 per day is sufficient and it is taken exclusively through food of animal origin; for this reason, those who follow a vegan diet should check if they need a supplement of this type.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is mainly administered in cases of preterm births. It is used to avoid bleeding in newborns. At the same time it is also very important for newborns for proper blood clotting.

Iron

Iron is an essential mineral for the formation of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the body. It is of vital importance during pregnancy, for both the pregnant woman and the baby.

For pregnant women: during pregnancy, the total blood volume increases. The body’s need for iron increases accordingly. Unsatisfied iron requirements can lead to anemia, which manifests itself in particular with a high level of fatigue.

For the baby: Iron deficiency increases the risk of premature birth or low birth weight.

Calcium

Studies have also shown another benefit of taking calcium during pregnancy: reducing the risk of pre-eclampsia. It is a disease characterized by high blood pressure which, if not treated in time, can lead to some complications: premature birth, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, etc.

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Prenatal vitamins: contraindications

Gynecologists recall how: “ Pregnancy imposes a metabolic stress on the maternal organism which increases with the advancing gestational age. Vitamin supplementation should correct nutritional, and therefore metabolic, imbalances caused by any changes in circulating vitamin levels”.

Nutritional imbalances are first corrected by a healthy diet; the intake of vitamins must always be prescribed by the doctor to avoid deficiency and overdose phenomena. Vitamin deficiency can affect the development of the fetus and the health of the mother, just as the excess of vitamins can create intoxication and serious problems for both.

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