Breastfeeding vs bottle-feeding: what to choose?

Even before giving birth, this is a question that all mothers ask themselves: how to choose between bottle and breastfeeding? What is the best solution for my child and for me? Does not wanting to breastfeed make me a “bad mother”? Update on the benefits of breastfeeding and bottle-feeding, and popular beliefs about them.

Breastfeeding or bottle-feeding: the best nutritionally

According to the breastfeeding guide published by INPES (National Institute for Prevention and Health Education), breast milk can meet all of your baby’s nutritional needs. Rich in vitamins, minerals and trace elements, it also contains the carbohydrates, lipids and proteins necessary for the development of the infant, in the appropriate quantities. Breastfeeding has the advantage of offering the child a milk whose composition adapts to its growth and is enriched in fats, proteins and minerals over the months. In view of all these advantages, the WHO (the world health organization) encourages mothers who can and wish to breastfeed their child until their sixth month, before starting to diversify their diet. and bloated;

This does not mean, however, that powdered milk, made from cow’s milk, is less good for your child. Like breast milk, its formula is perfectly adapted to the growth of the infant, and it adapts to its energy and caloric needs over the months.

The benefits of breastfeeding on the immune system, a myth?

The newborn’s immune system is poorly developed when it comes into the world. A diet exclusively based on breast milk during its first 3 months promotes better digestion and optimizes the production of antibodies to fight against microbes. In the event of illness, the breastfed child will tend to recover faster than a child fed formula.

In view of these advantages, between breastfeeding or bottle-feeding , the choice is quickly made. But while these benefits are real, breast milk is not a “miracle food” sheltering the child from all ills. Breast milk, while it protects the child from digestive viruses, offers a weaker shield against respiratory and ENT (otorhinolaryngological) disorders than for a bottle- fed child .

Breastfeeding or bottle-feeding: long-term effects?

According to the report ” action plan: breastfeeding»Published by the Ministry of Health in 2010, breast milk would reduce the occurrence of allergies in breastfed children, thanks to a protein that promotes food tolerance. It would also help the child to better manage his satiety than feeding from a bottle. Finally, it would have the advantage of preventing the onset of type I diabetes as well as cardiovascular problems. These benefits of breastfeeding are seen in babies who are exclusively breastfed during their first 6 months. Finally, breastfeeding would help reduce the risk of obesity during childhood and adolescence. A final point that divides health specialists, because several genetic or socio-cultural factors enter into the development of obesity.

And the mom in all this?

The action of breastfeeding causes a series of contractions on the uterus that help it to reposition itself after childbirth. The INPES study cited above also indicates that breastfeeding would reduce the risk of breast and ovarian cancer as well as osteoporosis. On the other hand, on a psychological level, breastfeeding can also represent a source of stress for the mother. Fear of doing wrong during the first feedings, fear that the child will not suck enough or swallow too much air, lack of time to breastfeed when you combine active life and life as a mother … Breastfeeding should remain a while. well-being and sharing with your baby. If it becomes a factor of anxiety or suffering, bottle-feeding may be more indicated for the good of the mother as well as that of the baby.

In conclusion, the choice of breastfeeding or bottle-feeding is above all a personal choice on the part of the mother, according to her desires, her possibilities, the well-being of her child and her own. The two solutions each have their advantages and offer development in the best conditions for the child, no need to feel guilty, whatever your decision.

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