Fungal skin infection (mycoses) are infectious diseases caused by pathogenic fungi. Fungal skin diseases occupy the first place among infections. Mycoses are contagious. The causative agents of the disease are transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or animal, as well as through objects, clothing, shoes. The greatest likelihood of contracting a fungal skin infection occurs in public places with high humidity – baths, saunas, swimming pools. But in other public places, there is also a risk of infection:
- massage rooms;
- nail salons;
- hairdressing and beauty salons;
Types of Fungal Skin Infection
There are many different types of fungi that cause disease and pathology not only on the skin, but also on the mucous membranes, nails and internal organs. Each type of disease has its own symptoms, but there are also classic symptoms that are characteristic of almost all types of mycosis:
- burning sensation;
- itching (both mild and intense);
- discoloration of the affected area;
- peeling of the skin.
There are several of the most common types of fungal skin infections.
Epidermophytosis is a mycotic lesion of the feet. It is characterized by redness and peeling of the skin on the sole and between the fingers. Accompanied by itching. In some cases, erosion is formed, accompanied by severe pain. It becomes difficult for a person to walk.
Rubromycosis is a disease similar to epidermophytosis, but in addition to lesions of the skin of the feet, it can occur on the hands and smooth skin of the hands. The first symptoms of rubromycosis are dry skin and peeling in the affected areas. With the course of the disease, the palms become red-bluish in color, ridges of nodules and vesicles appear on the hands. Longitudinal stripes appear on the nails, the nail plate becomes gray-yellow and begins to crumble.
Must Read: Mycology and Classification of Fungi
Candidiasis is a fungal skin infection that affects not only the skin, but also the nails and mucous membranes. The causative agent is a fungus of the genus Candida. These microorganisms surround a person everywhere, however, the risk of developing pathology occurs only under conditions favorable for their reproduction:
- some chronic diseases;
- weakened immune system;
- severe pathologies, such as tuberculosis or oncological diseases;
- injuries of mucous membranes and skin;
- exposure to the skin of acids and alkalis;
- long-term use of antibiotics, steroids or hormonal drugs.
Trichophytosis – manifested by the appearance of scaly areas of a round or oval shape with a bubble rim. On the scalp, the foci of the disease may be gray-pink in color with jagged edges. Hair on the affected area breaks off at a distance of 2-3 mm from the skin surface. The defeat of the nail plates (on the hands and feet) leads to a thickening of the nail bed, increased fragility of the nail plate and the appearance of gray-white spots.
Trichophytosis often develops in children and women. The main causes of the development of the disease are neurosis, vitamin deficiency and disruption of the endocrine glands.
Microsporia – has 1-2 large foci of infection. For 4-6 weeks, many rings appear on the skin, consisting of crusts, vesicles and nodules. In the affected areas, the hair breaks off and becomes covered with a fungus, so it becomes white. Because of the appearance of the manifestation, microsporia is also called ringworm. It is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or animal. Microsporia develops in children and is usually ruled out during adolescence.
Treatment of Fungal Skin Infection
Dermatology and pediatric dermatology deal with the treatment of fungal skin infection. One of the main reasons for the development of a fungal infection is a weakened immune system. Therefore, the treatment of fungal skin diseases is a long process. Especially with untimely access to a dermatologist and neglect of the disease.
In the treatment of fungal infections, experienced dermatologists use complex therapy. After the initial examination, the doctor will determine the type of disease and, if necessary, prescribe additional tests to identify concomitant diseases. Methods of treatment and preparations are always selected individually.
In addition to the therapy itself, the doctor will give comprehensive recommendations on the prevention and prevention of the spread of a fungal infection.
You can make an appointment with a dermatologist at the medical center.