Heavy Menstrual Periods

Heavy Menstrual Periods

Heavy menstrual periods or menorrhagia is a condition when you have too heavy abnormal bleeding during periods. Menstrual cramps are common among women, but heavy bleeding is not.

Menorrhagia causes such heavy bleeding that it may affect your life. You may not be able to carry out your day-to-day activities.

If you have to cancel your plans because of too heavy bleeding during periods, you need to talk to your healthcare provider. They can prescribe many effective treatments for menorrhagia.

With menorrhagia, you will need to change your pad or tampon almost every hour. If not, then you may need to change it quite frequently.

If you have a complaint of heavy bleeding during periods, you can consult with a Gynecologist in Lahore.

What are the Symptoms of Menorrhagia?

For some women, it is normal to have heavy menstrual bleeding because they have it from the first period. However, for some, it may start late. The sign and symptoms of menorrhagia may include:

  • For several consecutive hours, you need to change your pads many times
  • A need to double up your sanitary pads to control the flow
  • Having periods for more than a week
  • A need to wake up at night to change pads
  • Passing clots with blood
  • Not able to carry day to day activities in the same way

When you bleed heavily during periods, it can lead to anemia- a decrease in red blood cells. It can, in turn, cause lethargy, fatigue, shortness of breath. If you have any of these symptoms, you must visit a healthcare provider as anemia can cause various complications.

What are the causes of Menorrhagia?

Factors that can lead to heavy vaginal bleeding are:

Hormone Imbalance

In a normal menstrual cycle, the two hormones- estrogen and progesterone regulate the build-up and shedding of the endometrium. Due to some reason, if endometrium develops too much, it can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding.

Health conditions that can cause hormone imbalance are polycystic ovarian syndrome, thyroid problems, and insulin resistance.

Outgrowths in the Uterus

Polyps and fibroids are non-cancerous outgrowths that develop in the uterus. Both of these conditions can cause your periods to become heavy.

Certain IUDs

IUDs, also known as intrauterine devices, are a contraceptive method in women used to prevent pregnancy. If your intrauterine device does not have hormones, it can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding.

Problems related to Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy- one that occurs outside of the uterus can lead to heavy vaginal bleeding. You may mistake it with heavy periods. Ectopic pregnancy needs to be aborted as soon as possible. Otherwise, it can become life-threatening.

Miscarriage- a condition when the unborn baby dies inside the uterus can also cause heavy vaginal bleeding. You may also mistake it with heavy periods.


Cancer of the female reproductive system, such as the cervix or ovaries can cause heavy vaginal bleeding. It may appear as heavy periods.

Bleeding disorder

Hemophilia- a bleeding disorder that runs in families can cause heavy periods. It may also cause your periods to last longer than usual.

Certain medications

Taking certain medications, such as blood thinners can cause heavy vaginal bleeding.

Health problems

Other health problems that can cause menorrhagia are:

  • Endometriosis
  • Kidney and liver diseases
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • Thyroid problems

What are the complications of Menorrhagia?

Heavy vaginal bleeding or menorrhagia can lead to anemia. It can, in turn, cause symptoms such as lethargy, fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

If you have any symptoms of anemia, you should visit the healthcare provider soon as it can affect your life adversely.


Your healthcare provider can prescribe medications that can help control heavy vaginal bleeding during periods. You must consult with the doctor if you have a complaint of heavy bleeding during periods that affect your day-to-day activities. For an expert opinion, you can visit a Gynecologist.

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