Inside Knee Pain Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Inside Knee Pain

What is inside knee pain?

Inside knee pain is a pain on the inside of the knee, which is known as medial knee pain. Usually, it occurs because of a deterioration of the cartilage in your knees. It can happen to anyone, whether a frequent runner, footballer, or casual gym-goer. Moreover, an extensive range of injuries or health conditions can cause knee pain on inside of knee.

Reasons for a knee injury

The knee is one of the most complex joints in the body. That is why it easily gets injured all the time. In general, the knee of human beings consists of the following intersections:

  1. Four bones
  2. Four ligaments
  3. Several tendons
  4. Two menisci
  5. cartilage

Inside of knee pain symptoms

People can feel the pain on the inside of the knee in diverse ways. Some individuals may feel a mild ache, sharp pain, or burning pain. Typically, a few persons may get hurt in their knees with particular movements such as

  • Straightening legs
  • Squatting
  • Going upstairs and many more

However, the symptoms that cause severeness inside knee pain vary greatly. Whatever the reason, it may cause your leg to get stuck in one position (lock). 

  1. One of the knee pain on inside of knee is due to a medial collateral ligament injury. In this case, you’ll suffer some pain and stiffness on the inside of your knee, no swelling, as they usually come on straight away. Swelling is not compulsory in such pain. 
  2. An anterior cruciate ligament injury causes another inside knee pain. It may be sudden, and one may hear a ‘pop’ sound. Also, your knee is likely to swell up quite quickly in such a case. The injured person may feel as if it’s going to give way.
  3. Another common injury caused to the knee is a meniscus tear. It generally comes on over several hours of the initial injury. One may have to face difficulty in fully straightening one’s legs. It is the best example of pain on inside of knee no swelling. 
  4. One of the most significant issues caused to the knee is osteoarthritis which usually causes pain when putting stress and weight on your affected leg. However, it gets better when you rest your leg for some time. One may not move their legs and suffer stiffness after sitting for a while.
  5. Inside knee pain can also be due to Patellofemoral syndrome. It is usually visible as the front of your kneecap. A few of the worst acts that cause it includes the following:
  1. Running
  2. Climbing stairs
  3. Sitting for a long time
  4. Squatting

It can especially cause pain when you’re going up and down stairs frequently or when you stand up suddenly. Slight swelling and pain at night are some of its apparent symptoms. 

  1. Medial plica syndrome

If you have been active for a long time, it typically causes pain moving up or downstairs. When a person sits for a long time or does not perform any leg movement activity for a pretty long time, the knee may catch or click when you bend or straighten your leg. Ultimately that may cause pain inside the knees.

Diagnosis of the inside of knee pain

Whenever an injured person sees the doctor for knee pain, the first will examine the knee and then likely questions like;

  • How did the pain start?
  • How long have you been suffering inside knee pain?
  • Did you suffer an injury?
  • At what times do you feel it worse?
  • What are your daily activities involving the knees? And many more.

Doctors’ Suggestions

After inquiring, the doctor may suggest an X-ray or an MRI scan, but it is not always mandatory. Sometimes, a doctor may also not be able to diagnose on the examination and your symptoms. So, he may suggest any therapy procedure to look inside your knee.

Moreover, if a patient is feeling any severe pain on inside of knee, a doctor will perform a keyhole surgery called arthroscopy. This surgery involves the following steps:

  • Making a mall cut in your knee
  • Inserting a thin tube with a camera
  • Operation by surgeon specialist

After doctors’ diagnosis and surgery, the damaged tissues can be removed or repaired during arthroscopy procedures. 

What causes pain on the inside of the knee? 

There are several causes of inner knee pain. They may be due to some injury because of some most common incidents like falls, sports injuries, or any increased activities of knees.

Moreover, knee pains are more common in adults, especially those above 60 years of age. But that is not mandatory. In some cases, children and adolescents may also suffer inside knee pain.

The American Academy of Family Physicians pointed out the most common causes of inner knee pain in children in recent research. These are

  • Patellar tendonitis, or “jumper’s knee.”
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease
  • patellar subluxation

Now let’s discuss some most common reasons for inner knee pain

  1. Osteoarthritis (OA)

This condition is related to the breakdown of cartilage. It usually causes the bones in your joints to grind together and suffer friction from rubbing. It is also called a degenerative disease. If you feel pain in your knees while walking up and down the stairs, while sitting down in a chair for a long time, or while putting pressure on your joint by any means, you may have Osteoarthritis. Your symptoms may get more severe as the day goes on if you ignore them.

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is another autoimmune disease that can also cause inner knee pain. People suffering from RA may experience severe knee pain in the morning because RA causes inflammation in the knee joints, mainly in the early morning. But the pain level decreases through the daytime to some extent.

  1. Medial Collateral ligament (MCL) injury

This ligament is located along the outside of your inner knee to stabilize the joint. On overstretching this ligament, you may have an MCL sprain. This MCL injury mainly occurs when any force is applied to the outer knee, especially in sports. The MCL can also tear partially or fully. Some of its most common symptoms include

  1. locking knees
  2. a popping sound at the time of impact swelling
  3. instability while standing or walking
  4. Medial meniscus injury

The meniscus is a cartilage that acts as a cushion between bones in a joint. Each knee contains two menisci. They act as cushions between your shin bones and thigh. If your knee is rotated or put under pressure, your meniscus can become damaged or tear apart. And that mostly happens during sports or athletic activities. There are four main types of meniscus tears:

  1. radial
  2. degenerative
  3. bucket handle
  4. flap

Depending on the severity of the medial meniscus injury, you may feel the following symptoms of pain on inside of knee no swelling: 

  • locking knees
  • sense of imbalance  
  • stiffness
  • sharp pain when twisting your knee, and many more
  1. Pes anserine bursitis

Bursa is a fluid-filled small sac that helps to reduce friction between joints. There are several bursae present throughout the human body. Bursae are also present in your knees between the MCL and the three tendons named the sartorius, gracilis, and semitendinosus. They all are collectively called the pes anserinus.

The bursa can produce extra fluid if it gets irritated and overused. In addition, this can also cause swelling and additional pressure on your knee. This type of inflammation is called pes anserine bursitis.

According to the research of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, some general causes of pes anserine bursitis include:

  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Obesity
  3. Medial meniscus tear
  4. Turning out your knee or lower leg while walking or standing
  5. Tight hamstring muscles and many more.
  6. Medial plica irritation

Plica is a small fold present in the joint lining. Medical plicae give cover to your inner knee. When you repeatedly flex your knee, your medial plica can get irritated. Due to this, the folds became thickened and got stuck between the bones. Ultimately you will have to suffer from locking knees and cracking sounds from your knees.

  1. Knee contusion

If you are directly hit by a blunt object or fall hard or suffer a direct blow to your knee by any means, you could bruise your knee bone. This condition is usually called knee contusion.

It can cause severe pain depending on the knee where you were hit. Other symptoms of knee contusions include:

  1. trouble bending the knee
  2. stiffness
  3. bruised skin
  4. swelling
  5. severe pain, and many more.

What can you do to reduce knee pain on inside of knee?

Although some injuries like sports–inflicted MCL injuries are inevitable for a sportsman. But you can do many things to reduce the chance of these injuries occurring in your life.

The best way to reduce the risk is to exercise, especially by strengthening the muscles around your knees. Some exercises like squats or leg press in the gym are very effective in preventing knee pain.

Anyhow if you start suffering inside knee pain, it is essential to stop the extra activities as much as possible. Moreover, in order to get relief from such pains, you can use an ice compress, elevate your leg while resting, and use painkillers if needed.

When to seek medical help?

If the injury is mild, you can handle it yourself with some home treatments and care. But if your knee gets stuck, locks, or clicks while being hot, red, or swollen, and you

  1. Can’t put weight on the affected leg
  2. Are unable to move your knee in any direction
  3. Have severe pain, even when you’re not putting any weight on it

Then in such cases, you should immediately go to a doctor or physiotherapist.

Self-help for inner knee pain

You can do a lot for your help if you have a knee injury and pain on inside of knee no swelling. Like for example;

  1. You may find crutches helpful if you can’t put weight on your leg
  2. Rest your leg and ideally elevate it too Immediately after an injury
  3. Take some quick pain killers or ibuprofen to manage inside of knee pain
  4. Avoid causing any additional damage to your knee as much as you can by taking good care of them.
  5. Use ice packs and a tubular bandage (that fits over the knee) to help you reduce inflammation.

Home treatments for knee pain on inside of knee

Home treatments may resolve the problem in many cases of inside knee pain, especially those including minor injuries and inflammatory disorders. Anyone can use the following treatments like home remedies:

  1. Rest the knee

If the injury is due to sports such as running, stop that activity until the knee gets healed completely.

  1. Use an ice pack.

Apply ice pack three to four times a day on the injured area for at least 20 minutes at a time. That will help in reducing inflammation and pain. Ice packs are readily available in many pharmacies.

  1. Anti-inflammatories

Anyone can take Anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen for inside knee pain and its swelling. A doctor may give a more potent dose of medicine in a few cases if these light doses do not work.

However, if these home remedies do not work, you should consult a doctor for better treatment.

What will a doctor or physician do?

A doctor may recommend any of these treatments for your inside knee pain:

  1. Drainage of any fluid build-up that is making pressure or causing pain.
  2. Giving support to your knee by making you wear a brace.
  3. Conducting physical therapy for stretching and strengthening the muscles around the knee.
  4. Taking Corticosteroid medications or injections for conditions like osteoarthritis or bursitis
  5. Having surgery to remove or repair the damaged portion of knee tissue like the bursa or meniscus.

Other medical treatments of inside knee pain

These methods primarily include physiotherapy, painkillers, and surgeries. However, that all depends on the type of injury your knee has. For example, if there is an injury in the ligament, maybe physiotherapy is enough for a patient. While, if you have damaged cartilage or osteoarthritis causing severe pain, surgery is most commonly needed.

Exercises for knee pain for inside of knee

Some general exercises of stretching and strengthening may help all individuals to reduce mild pain and inflammation. In contrast, some specialized exercises for inside knee pain depend on a person’s primary cause of pain.

Some most popular exercises which can give relief to patients generally include the following:

  1. Quad stretch

It can help in reducing pressure on the knee joint. for quad stretching, you will

  1. First, you need to stand by a nearby chair for support and balance.
  2. Then, starting with the feet shoulder–width apart, take a step backward with the right foot.
  3. After that, keep your posture straight and tuck the buttocks into creating a straight line with your body. 
  4. Start feeling a stretch in front of the legs
  5. Then slightly bend your knees.
  6. Hold this position for 10 seconds and repeat this process on the other leg.
  7. Half squats

In this method, the front of the legs is strengthened without putting extra pressure on the knees. The way of half squats is as follows:

  1. First, start with the feet shoulder-width apart, and extend the arms straight about shoulder height.
  2. Holding this position, slightly bend the knees to engage the quadriceps muscles
  3. Stay in this position for about 5 seconds.
  4. Then straighten the knees at a standing position again.
  5. Hamstring stretch

This inside of knee pain exercise helps release tension in the back of the leg with a seated stretch.

  1. It starts with a foot on the floor, then extends your one leg forward and backward, flexing the foot.
  2. Then to feel a stretch in the back of the leg, slightly lean forward. That is all.
  3. After that, repeat the above process for the second leg.

Why do I feel pain on the inside of my knee when bending?

The knee pain on inside of knee no swelling may frequently result from an injury caused by an exercise or a sport such as cycling or running, significantly putting a strain on the knee joint.

Moreover, such pain while bending may also be due to a traumatic condition where a person may have fallen on their knee during an accident. Furthermore, one can also feel bending knee pain due to a bursa inflammation in knee tissue. 

Why do I have inside knee pain when squatting?

Knee pain while squatting may be due to overuse of knees and joints. So, in such cases, resting helps you avoid injury and heal faster. Moreover, it would be best for you to lose weight because carrying less weight can significantly help in reducing stress on your knees. However, in severe pain due to squatting, a doctor may suggest physical therapy (PT), which is a non-invasive form of pain treatment felt during squatting.

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