Scabs on scalp – causes of scabs and diagnosis

Dandruff is a common and rather annoying problem. In addition to it, the formation of scabs on scalp is often found. They can have various shapes and are highly resistant to the effects of even the most effective agents. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the elimination of this defect under the hair of an adult in a comprehensive manner, using all possible methods.

Reasons for the appearance of crusts

Scabs on scalp under the hair of an adult appear for a number of main reasons. One of the most common is an imbalance in the internal environment of the body, as a result of which various defects in appearance appear.

The following factors can aggravate the manifestations of the problem:

  • inadequate and irregular hair and scalp care;
  • deficiency of vitamin and mineral substances;
  • hormonal imbalance in the body;
  • alcohol abuse and smoking;
  • lack of fluid in the body;
  • gastrointestinal tract infections.

Most often, the problem is exacerbated in the autumn-winter period. Immunity decreases at this time, and wearing warm hats creates favorable conditions for the multiplication of pathological microorganisms on the scalp.

Associated symptoms

The main symptom is the physical presence of whitish foreign inclusions. In addition, the condition may be accompanied by itching. After a long course of pathology, it is possible that the habit of tearing off the crusts from the surface of the skin is possible.

In this case, the wounds become wet and new crusts form quickly. With time, the infected area increases. There is also a high likelihood of the problem spreading to the skin of the entire body.

Diagnostics

Scabs on scalp under the hair of an adult should be treated based on the results of an accurate diagnosis. You should start to deal with the problem as early as possible. In this case, unpleasant symptoms can be eliminated much faster than in more advanced stages.

Diseases of the scalp and the hair itself are dealt with by trichologists. To determine an accurate diagnosis, a visual examination and sampling for microbiological examination will be required.

The most common occurrence is seborrheic dermatitis, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the areas of the scalp and body, where the most developed sebaceous glands are located. The causative agent is yeast-like fungi of the genus Malassezia restricta and Malassezia globosa.

These lipophilic fungi are a normal part of the normal human microflora.

But under the influence of provoking factors, the body loses its ability to control their reproduction. As a result, fungi begin to secrete increased amounts of unsaturated fatty acids, the components of which cause irritation, inflammation and peeling of the skin.

How to get rid of scabs on scalp

First of all, to get rid of the crusts, it is necessary to soften them with home methods or with medications for external use. However, without a lifestyle correction, the crusts will inevitably reappear, and the resistance of fungi to the effects of drugs will increase.

The most effective means for removing crusts are at the very beginning of use. And pretty soon the effect can disappear almost completely. The basic principle of most products is to apply to damp, clean hair.

Shampoos

Scabs on scalp under the hair of an adult are well washed off with special detergents. Such preparations contain active substances to exfoliate dead skin and accelerate regeneration.

Scabs under the hair can quickly disappear with the regular use of special products against the background of lifestyle and nutritional adjustments. The drugs are intended for adults. In children, their use is undesirable. Children’s products are less aggressive, therefore they cannot effectively suppress the uncontrolled growth of fungi on the surface of the skin.

Sulsena

Affordable and quite effective with ketoconazole. It contains selenium disulfide as an active component.

The shampoo lathers weakly and should not be used to directly wash the hair and scalp itself. Therefore, before using it, you should clean them with your usual daily care product. Then the selsun shampoo should be applied to the full length, paying particular attention to thoroughly rubbing into the scalp.

Soak for 2-3 minutes and rinse completely with clean water. Apply the product every other day for 4-6 weeks, then switch to using MITE shampoo for another 6-8 weeks. Immediately after washing, blot your hair with a towel and rub in the paste according to the instructions. Wash off after 5-10 minutes.

Nizoral

This is a well-known and well-publicized tool. It is designed to fight dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis and dermatomycosis.

  • 2% ketoconazole are its active ingredients.

The drug is available in 25, 60 and 120 ml plastic containers. A significant disadvantage is the high cost. Prices in pharmacies start at 600 rubles. for 60 ml and 750 rubles. for 120 ml.

Nizoral is intended for all age groups. To combat dandruff, shampoo is applied to the affected areas for 3-5 minutes and then thoroughly washed off with running water.

The duration of treatment is 15-30 days twice a week. Then the frequency of use is 1 time per week to prevent relapse.

Sebozole

The shampoo contains 10 mg of ketoconazole per 1 g. It eliminates not only the symptoms, but also the cause of dandruff. Suitable for all hair types. The tool eliminates the manifestations of the fungus on the scalp and other areas of the face and trunk.

After dandruff has been eliminated, it is recommended to continue regular use to prevent recurrence. The average price for a 100 ml bottle is about 350 rubles.

Medications

Means for combating dandruff in the form of tablets are mostly based on terbinafine or itraconazole. Their course reception allows you to suppress the excessive growth of fungi at the systemic level.

During treatment, the condition of the liver should be monitored due to the high drug load from such drugs. Prices vary widely. You should not choose the drug, dosage and duration of administration on your own. You need to contact a specialist mycologist.

Read About: Beard Dandruff: How To Get Rid Of It Permanently

Folk remedies for scabs on scalp

Of the available tools at hand, there are several quite effective ones. For best results, you should perform the procedures persistently and regularly.

Lemon

The fungus is well preserved and multiplies in slightly alkaline environments. Lemon juice dramatically shifts the acidity level upward, making it possible to eliminate fungal infections. Juice can be squeezed out manually or using a centrifugal juicer.

A solution of dry citric acid is also suitable. To fight the fungus, the resulting liquid should be rubbed into the affected areas, especially after washing, while the skin is steamed and the pores are open.

Salicylic acid

Significantly accelerates the exfoliation of the skin, acidifies its surface and inhibits the activity of fungi. It is not presented in free form in pharmacies. However, it can be easily obtained by evaporation of salicylic alcohol.

Do not heat the product over a fire for safety reasons. The most convenient way is to place it on a ventilated balcony in a shallow dish. After a while, the alcohol will evaporate and the dry acid will be ready.

To prepare an aggressive solution, the resulting powder should be mixed with salicylic alcohol. Then you can use the remedy as directed, with caution.

To eliminate fungus on the skin of the body, a mixture of dry acid and petroleum jelly is suitable. In this form, the agent is easy to apply and retains pharmacological activity for a long time.

Garlic oil

Garlic’s aromatic substances dissolve well in fats. Lemon juice is also suitable to enhance the product. But instead of lemon, it is better to use essential oil. The raw materials themselves and the production method are not distinguished by high cost or any difficulties. Therefore, you can safely purchase oil at your nearest pharmacy.

To prepare the product, finely grate the garlic, add fat and let it brew in the refrigerator for 2-3 days. Then strain the mixture, separate from the settled liquid and add essential oil.

Apply 1-2 times a day, rubbing gently into all foci of infection. Use a mild shampoo twice to rinse off the scalp after an hour’s exposure. At the very end of the procedure, rinse the hair with a citric acid solution to enhance the effect.

Alternative methods

Hardware and other specific methods are also used to eliminate the fungus. They significantly shorten the duration of treatment and avoid relapse in the future.

Photochemotherapy

This is a therapeutic procedure that involves taking psoralen medicines in combination with ultraviolet radiation.

At the same time, the equilibrium concentration of the drug in the body is constantly maintained, and the adoption of a new portion of UV rays is performed at regular intervals.

Of the minuses, one can single out the need to regularly visit a medical institution. The duration of therapy can be up to 1 year. Also, almost every patient experiences side effects in the form of itching, nausea and redness of the skin.

Laser therapy

The method is based on the use of radiation in the optical range, the source of which is a laser. In fact, the fungus is physically burned off the surface of the skin.

For areas of the scalp, weak powers are applied so as not to harm the hair root system and to avoid hair loss. The method is not available. If possible, more gentle methods of fighting the fungus should be used.

Plasmolifting (plasma therapy)

During the procedure, the patient’s own plasma, taken from the venous blood, is injected under the patient’s skin. The technology is new, it allows you to activate reserve recovery mechanisms and enhance immunity.

Vitamin therapy

This is the most affordable and effective way to enhance the effect of drugs and hardware techniques. For the normalization of metabolic processes in the skin, vitamins of groups B, A, C and E are especially effective. It is better to conduct a course of intramuscular injections and then switch to oral forms of drugs.

Now in pharmacies there are ready-made complexes in ampoules, which include benfotiamine, a fat-soluble form of vitamin B1 that does not enter into chemical interaction with other components.

In addition to the positive effect on appearance, group B is necessary for the maintenance of the peripheral and central nervous systems. And one more plus is the absence of the need to inject several drugs during the day.

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