Sooner or later, everyone is faced with situations where hot, cold or sour food causes sharp painful sensations in the oral cavity. To cope with the problem in the early stages, toothpaste for sensitive teeth helps. It contains calming and medicinal components in the recipe. Let’s consider which hygienic composition is better to choose. And for those who are especially curious, we will tell you what hypersensitivity is connected with and how to avoid it.
Which brand tool to choose?
There is a wide range of oral cavity products on the market. Most of the formulations are suitable exclusively for hygiene. A small part of the funds has a medicinal effect. At the same time, there are expensive branded and budget goods. But savings are irrelevant here.
Some specimens contain components in the recipe that can quickly eliminate symptoms. You will feel relief immediately after use. But this is not enough. We need a complex impact. It is the development of such formulas that significantly increases the cost of products. With this, you not only relieve symptoms, but also heal your teeth. Let’s list the most popular remedies that dentists recommend:
Toothpaste for sensitive teeth has a number of features:
Low abrasiveness index (RDA). It varies between 25-35 RDA. For clarity, let’s say that for preventive products the index is about 75 RDA, and for whitening products it is 100-120 RDA.
The use of active ingredients. The most commonly used substances are based on zinc, strontium, potassium, calcium and arginine. Their presence in the composition is one of the signs of quality. But the elements have different mechanisms of action, which means they differ in efficiency.
TOP 8 best toothpastes for sensitive teeth
When compiling the rating, we took into account the recommendations of dentists and consumer reviews. But each tool has its own characteristics, so you need to select them individually. Here are 8 of the best toothpaste for sensitive teeth in the following.
Contains sodium fluoride and sodium monofluoride in the formula, which actively desensitize. The components create a special protective layer that triggers the natural regeneration of the enamel. At the same time, chlorhexidine prevents the development of bacteria, pathogenic microflora and the appearance of caries on the damaged surface.
Already after the first application of the product, the susceptibility to hot, cold and sour is reduced. At the same time, during use, the agent must be alternated with prophylactic formulations.
The main active ingredient is hydroxyapatite. It is a substance capable of restoring the refined enamel surface. It blocks the damaged channels like a filling.
Chamomile and lemon extracts are used to prevent infection. They have an antiseptic effect when the disease progresses to the stage of bleeding gums. In the complex, substances replenish minerals and reduce susceptibility to external stimuli.
Sensodyne with fluoride
Sensodyne toothpaste for sensitive teeth, unlike many others, is suitable for daily use. At the same time, potassium nitrate quickly relieves pain and provides an instant effect, and fluoride components restore damaged surface areas.
Thanks to the complex action, the symptoms do not return. The composition of the product protects against the appearance and development of caries. In 2017, the brand was ranked number one by dentists.
It differs from others in the lowest level of abrasiveness (less than 25 RDA). Due to this, when using it, there is practically no discomfort. The enamel is not damaged by abrasive particles. The high concentration of fluorinated elements allows the enamel to be restored. And minerals make it more durable and reduce abrasion.
Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief
To relieve hypersensitivity, manufacturers have added a complex of calcium carbonate and arginine to it. The active ingredients quickly block irritation. One of the disadvantages is the passive effect of calcium. While you are using the hygiene product, it protects the enamel. But it is worth stopping its use, and the protective function disappears. Therefore, you have to use additional restorative agents.
ROCS toothpaste for sensitive teeth meets the requirements of price and quality better than others. It is designed to take care of the oral cavity during the treatment period. Does not contain fluoride, therefore only relieves symptoms. At the same time, a low abrasiveness index helps to maintain the integrity of the surface of hypersensitive teeth.
The mineral composition completely replenishes the missing elements and maintains dental health.
BLANX Med white teeth
Designed for enamel whitening in case of hypersensitivity. Due to particles with low abrasiveness, it does not thin it. At the same time, it effectively copes with the removal of gray plaque. This is possible due to the presence of active oxygen in the formula.
In the production of the hygiene product, only natural raw materials are used. Icelandic moss gives the composition healing qualities. It penetrates deeply into the structure and has an effect from the inside.
Vitex products are suitable for relieving symptoms of irritation, daily and preventive care. Potassium nitrogen reduces the sensitivity of nerve endings and supplies the surface with essential minerals. With regular use, it restores microcracks and makes the enamel smooth. Pain disappears upon contact with hot, cold and sour foods.
Due to its affordable price, the hygiene product has become popular among a wide range of buyers.
How to choose a toothbrush for sensitive teeth
The sensitivity of enamel is manifested not only when exposed to chemical components or contrasting temperatures. Painful sensations often come from mechanical pressure of the bristles on tissues weakened by diseases. When the villi causes discomfort, you need to use special products with extra soft bristles.
The toothbrush for sensitive teeth is easily recognizable even from the wide range of hygiene products by the “Soft” label. Each villus of such products has a soft structure and a rounded tip. Thanks to this, it does not injure the periodontium and damaged tooth tissues when touched.
Medicinal products are not suitable for daily use. Soft bristles are not able to clean the surface well from dirt. Therefore, after restoring normal sensitivity, you need to return to your usual means. Otherwise, there is a risk of the appearance of an unpleasant gray plaque, and in the future, a tartar.
Read To Choose Teeth Whitening Pen
Components of toothpaste for sensitive teeth
Before listing the active ingredients, let’s talk about the process itself, which causes painful sensations.
Under the layer of strong enamel there are dentin tissues. They are the thinnest tubes in which fluid circulates. When the enamel surface is abraded or the protective layer at the root at the base of the tooth becomes thinner, external stimuli begin to act on the dentinal canals. The contrasting temperatures and some acids contained in the food accelerate the flow of fluid through the channels. This irritates the nerve endings and causes severe pain.
Hygienic formulations designed to relieve tooth hypersensitivity work in different ways. Some reduce the rate of fluid flow in the dentinal canals. Others protect them from external influences. The presence of active ingredients in the recipe becomes decisive.
Potassium nitrate and chloride
Nerve impulses are transmitted between cells due to the exchange of potassium ions, which are present inside the conducting channels. Excessive amounts of nitrate and potassium chloride block the transmission of nerve signals. Thanks to this, the painful sensations quickly disappear.
The peculiarity of the use of active substances in the formula of hygiene products is the suppression of symptoms. The paste has no therapeutic effect and is useless for long-term use. It only quickly blocks the pain, which returns after a short period of time.
Arginine with Calcium Carbonate
The effectiveness of these components is based on the deposition of calcium carbonate on the tooth enamel. This promotes the deposition of phosphates on the surface of the exposed dentinal structure. Open tubules become clogged, and the movement of fluid in them slows down. This action temporarily solves the problem, but cannot guarantee the lack of sensitivity in the long term.
Calcium fluoride, which is formed due to the presence of carbonate, does not show the activity of reducing the dense shell. In this case, pastes containing active fluorine penetrate into tissues and restore them.
Strontium and zinc ions
The components block the dentinal tubules, preventing the acceleration of fluid flow in them. Thanks to this, the root cause of the appearance of painful sensations is eliminated. In doing so, strontium chloride creates dentin tissue that replaces damaged fibers. The structure is compacted and restored. With regular use of the product, hypersensitivity can completely disappear.
The main disadvantage is the delayed action. Strontium and zinc ions are designed for long-term treatment. They cannot have a quick effect.
Of all the listed components, only the effect of potassium nitrate ions has become clinically proven. Research on other substances is controversial. Therefore, the characteristics declared by the manufacturer do not always give a result and the paste has to be selected individually.
Care sequence for sensitive teeth
Not always expensive toothpaste can give the desired result. At the same time, even a cheaper remedy can quickly cope with painful sensations. Therefore, we have prepared some tips for increasing the effectiveness of hygiene formulations.
In the vast majority of cases, certain foods or their temperature during eating cause acute pain. Therefore, first of all, irritants must be excluded from the diet:
- carbonated drinks;
- dairy products.
At the same time, monitor the temperature. Freshly prepared food should be cooled, and frozen food should be heated to room temperature.
Reduce mechanical stress
In the process of cleaning, the bristles of a hard and medium toothbrush have a rough mechanical effect on the enamel and periodontium. When they touch the exposed dentin, a pain signal is instantly transmitted along the nerve endings. Therefore, the first step is to replace the brush with a soft one.
If, with hypersensitivity, it hurts you even to touch the tooth surface with a brush, you need to remove acute manifestations. Take a paste containing potassium nitrate, apply it to your finger, and massage the gum. When sensitivity has subsided, brush your teeth using a brush.
Prolong the action of toothpaste
The components actively block the dentinal canals while acting on them during cleaning. If you increase the duration, the effect will be better. But brushing for more than three minutes can lead to mechanical irritation. Therefore, at the end of the procedure, before spitting out the foam, you need to rinse the mouth with it for a longer time.
In the article, we analyzed in detail what kind of toothpaste for sensitive teeth to choose, how to use it correctly and which brands to give preference to. It is important to understand that such problems require consultation and supervision by dentists. Hygiene products are just a way to maintain the effect after medical attention.
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