The Periodontics Clinic covers the prevention and the treatment of periodontist diseases. Many patients suffer from periodontal diseases and do not even know about it until the appearance of alarming symptoms. The problem is that often with problems with the periodontium, the patient does not hurt anything, and the doctor is consulted only when the disease progresses to a serious stage and there is a risk of tooth loss. Accurate diagnostics and competently performed treatment are the key to success and preservation of teeth in their places.
- Dentist periodontist: what does and what heals
- Who is a periodontist
- What diseases does a periodontist treat?
- When to see a periodontist
Dentistry as a science has a number of profile areas and different medical specialties. Periodontology is one of its important sections. Its activities are aimed at studying, preventing, and solving problems of periodontal tissues. Let’s consider what pathologies and what principles of gum treatment are used by a dentist by profession as a periodontist.
Who is a periodontist
A periodontist is a highly qualified dentist with a higher medical education, who narrowly carries out the correction and prevention of soft tissue pathologies that fix the segments in the jaw bone. The term “periodontium” includes:
- the mucous membranes that line the surface of the mouth;
- soft tissue of the gums surrounding the segments;
- periodontium – a thin layer of connective tissue between the alveolar bone and the cementum of the tooth;
- tooth cement – the mineral tissue surrounding the root;
- alveolar ridge – a dental bed, penetrated by capillaries and nerve endings.
Read also: Types of Teeth plus their Number
What diseases does a periodontist treat?
The area of expertise of the periodontist dentist includes the treatment of gum diseases that have developed in the periodontal tissues. The most common pathologies:
- Gingivitis is an inflammatory process of the periodontal soft tissues that occurs without disrupting the periodontal ligaments. Only the gum is involved in the pathology. The first signs of the disease are bleeding and soreness of the tissues surrounding the teeth. Pathology can proceed in an acute form, which is also characterized by swelling, hyperemia of the mucous membrane, and itching. The chronic course of gingivitis practically does not cause discomfort, so a person is in no hurry to visit a dentist or a periodontist. Despite the asymptomatic course, the inflammatory process gradually progresses, complications arise – ulcerative-necrotic foci, gingival hypertrophy, exfoliation of mucous membranes, and others appear.
The main cause of gingivitis is inadequate oral hygiene, which leads to the proliferation of bacteria. The periodontist usually prescribes conservative treatment, including the removal of plaque from the teeth, the use of antiseptics, and antibiotics.
- Periodontitis. Inflammatory periodontal disease, predominantly of an infectious nature. With periodontitis, the destruction of the periodontal ligaments occurs, and the destruction of bone tissue develops. As the disease progresses, teeth begin to loosen and fall out.
The disease refers to politico logicheskie, since different reasons can lead to its development. Most often, pathology develops due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque. In addition, periodontitis can occur with poor heredity, trauma to the gums. It often accompanies diabetes mellitus, is detected in hormonal disorders, and other pathologies.
Periodontist dentist, examining the mouth and jaw area, reveals the presence of periodontal pockets, bleeding, redness, swelling of the mucous membranes, a heavy odor from the oral cavity. Plaque is noted on the teeth. Pus may be discharged from the gingival pockets. There is a denudation of the cervical zones of the segments, displacement of the teeth in a row, and their loosening. Treatment in the early stages is conservative, later – invasive.
- Periodontal disease. Non-inflammatory periodontal tissue disease, characterized by a chronic course. The pathogenesis is based on dysfunction of blood circulation in the vessels feeding the periodontium. Violation of tissue tropism leads to the development of atrophic processes in the tissues of the gums and bones. Other causes of periodontal disease: malocclusion, smoking, decreased local immunity, hormonal imbalance, violation of the periodontal innervation, etc. The clinical picture of periodontal disease depends on the stage of the disease. The main symptoms: gum recession, pallor of the mucous membranes, an increase in the gaps between units, and their loosening. Bleeding gums are not typical for periodontal disease.
Treatment is aimed at strengthening the periodontium with the help of hygienic measures, drug therapy, physiotherapy. With a significant degree, the dentist will suggest a periodontist surgeon
medical, orthopedic correction.
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When to see a periodontist
Patients who come to see a therapist are most often sent to the periodontist’s office. After listening to complaints, collecting anamnesis, examining the oral cavity and identifying symptoms characteristic of gum disease, he gives a referral to a narrow-profile specialist who is more competent in solving such problems:
- mucous membranes bleed during hygiene measures, after chewing and eating food;
- mucous membranes changed color, swollen;
- discharge of pus is noticed;
- a putrid smell appeared;
- increased sensitivity of units to external stimuli;
- grayish-white spots appeared on the gums;
- the intersegmental gaps have expanded, food residues have become more often stuck in them;
- stony layers have formed on the enamel of the segments, soft plaque in hard-to-reach areas, which cannot be removed with home hygiene products;
- soreness is felt while eating;
- the volume of the gums has decreased, the necks of the teeth are exposed;
- periodontal pockets formed;
- teeth began to loosen;
- the position of the segments in the row has changed.
The periodontist dentist will conduct a thorough examination, determine the periodontal status, make a reliable diagnosis, and prescribe adequate treatment. The duration and range of manipulations depends on the neglect of the process.
After the completed therapy, it is necessary to visit the doctor according to the prescribed schedule for a follow-up examination and, if necessary, repeat the course of periodontal intervention. A periodontist will help maintain gum health and your smile will once again be admired by those around you.