About World Health Day

World Health Day

Description of the World Health Day

World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 of each year to commemorate the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO) on April 7, 1948, and to promote health in all its forms. Each year, a specific theme is addressed during this day. Each year, a specific theme is addressed during this day. In 2017, the theme was depression while that of 2018 was to commit to universal health coverage. 

What is health?

The definition of health is very broad. According to the World Health Organization, a healthy person is in a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, which is not just the absence of disease or infirmity.

The “World Health Statistics 2014”, produced by the WHO, reveal that:

  • A child born in Africa is 8 times more likely to die before his 5th birthday than a child born in Europe;
  • About 800 women die every day as a result of complications related to their pregnancy or childbirth;
  • There is an average of 90 nurses and midwives per 10,000 inhabitants in higher income countries, while this ratio is less than 2 per 10,000 in low income countries;
  • The world average life expectancy has increased by 6 years since 1990;
  • The three main causes of premature death worldwide are coronary heart disease, respiratory tract infections and cerebrovascular accidents (stroke);
  • Almost 7% of the world’s children are overweight or obese.

Also, the WHO has established a list of the  10 threats to global health in 2018 : pandemic influenza, conflicts that have an impact on health care , cholera, diphtheria, malaria, natural disasters, meningitis, yellow fever, malnutrition and food poisoning. 

What is the World Health Organization (WHO) and what is its role?

World Health Organization

WHO is the international agency of the United Nations system specializing in health. Its aim is to bring all peoples to the highest possible level of health. To achieve their goals, WHO experts provide guidance, set health standards and help countries cope with public health problems. In addition, WHO supports and encourages health research. Almost 7,000 people from 150 countries work for the WHO. Through it, governments can jointly tackle global problems relating to health and also contribute much to the well-being of human populations.

The actions of WHO and its partners

WHO has a program of action to achieve its goals in collaboration with other United Nations agencies, donors, non-governmental organizations, collaborating centers and the private sector. WHO’s work has an impact on the daily lives of everyone on the planet and has five priorities:

  • Health for all;
  • Health emergencies;
  • Women, children and adolescents;
  • The health consequences of climate and environmental changes;
  • Reform the WHO.

Proposed actions in World Health Day

In the World Health Day, following actions are performed:

  • Make sure you have your daily dose of … giggles! Laughter releases hormones that relax and allow you to live longer!
  • Take care of your health by participating in regular physical activities. Leading an active lifestyle lowers the risk of premature death, chronic disease and disability.
  • Try to better manage your stress … your body and your head will thank you! Healthy stress management can limit insomnia and fatigue and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Healthy eating contributes greatly to overall good health. To guide you, follow the recommendations of Canada’s Food Guide. Do not forget to hydrate yourself well, with at least 6 to 8 glasses of water per day.

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